Early autumn elderly maintenance should pay attention to five aspects
During the summer season, the day is hot, the evening is cool, the temperature difference between day and night is large, and the elderly and the infirm are often too late to adapt.
Therefore, the elderly should pay more attention to maintenance.
Diet: Nutrition should keep up with the hot weather, sweating, loss of a lot of protein, vitamins, and loss of water and electrolytes, so the elderly can drink milk every day, eat an egg, the right amount of bean porridge, fish and lean meatTo supplement calcium and iron.
Eat more fruits, vegetables, sometimes eat a banana every day, a tomato, both vitamin supplements and potassium ions, but also prevent constipation.
Eating some watermelon can add water and diuretic effect. Melon and cantaloupe should be eaten less. It is best to drink more than 1000ml of water or bean soup every day to supplement the lost water.
銆€銆€During the summer and autumn, you should drink plenty of water after a summer of “tort”. Many people have relatively weak spleen and stomach functions. Therefore, don’t eat too much food on the diet, and don’t overeating.
More suitable for spleen and stomach food are glutinous rice, lotus seeds, lentils, winter melon and so on.
In addition, regular food sand ginseng, jade bamboo, lotus porridge, lily and other cool supplements, can not only prevent heat, but also benefit Qi.
However, some people have bad stomach and often have diarrhea, so it is not suitable for refreshing.
In the early autumn, a lot of “bitter summer”, in the summer, people with poor appetite, appetite gradually improved, so active or passive to start to paste autumn; some old people are more concerned about the initiative to post autumn.
However, experts remind people not to rush to post autumn.
Because people’s gastrointestinal function is weak at this time, they have not been adjusted. If you eat too much protein and other high-protein foods, it will increase the burden on the stomach and affect the rehabilitation function.
Therefore, it is appropriate to eat meat. It is best to wait until the day is really cool down, and then increase the meat.
Environment: Adjusting the health care Some people like to take a shower with cold water immediately after sweating, while others choose to drink a lot of cold drinks, and even, even lay a mat on the floor and lie down.
In fact, if you don’t care about it, it will probably lead to heat.
Summer heat is also a kind of heatstroke. The cause of the disease is not simply the summer heat, but the invasion of cold and wet.
Therefore, don’t be too cold when you are cooling off, you must prevent the occurrence of heat.
銆€銆€The use of air conditioners should be properly used when indoor air conditioners are used. It is recommended that the indoor and outdoor temperature difference be kept at around 5 掳C to avoid catching colds. Keep indoor air circulation and avoid closing the doors and windows in the home, resulting in indoor air turbidity and hot flashes.
In addition, there are elderly people who do not dare to use air-conditioning for chronic diseases. Physical cooling is required. For example, the water is placed in front of the fan, and the body is often scrubbed with water.
Older people sweat more, more prone to fever, pay attention to personal and environmental hygiene, should take a bath, change clothes, underwear should be based on pure cotton products, both can absorb sweat and no irritation to the skin.
At this time, you should go to bed early and get up early to ensure rest time.
Conditional, it is best to take a nap for half an hour at noon, let the brain and stomach have a rest.
Exercise: 鈥淣ot tired鈥?is a very important substitute for standard activities for the elderly. You can go for a walk in the morning and evening, and do some exercise to promote blood circulation, speed up metabolism, and keep the good spirits for the elderly.
Depending on the physical fitness of each person, the amount of exercise and the way of exercise should improve the difference.
In summer and autumn, the temperature is high at noon, and diabetes activity should be properly prevented, especially in elderly people with high blood pressure and cerebral arteriosclerosis. The hot weather with complications increases with the rapid increase of blood pressure, which increases the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents.
銆€銆€Tai Chi is suitable for the elderly in the morning and evening, the temperature is relatively low, so you can exercise properly in the morning and evening, such as brisk walking, tai chi, climbing, etc. are more suitable for middle-aged and elderly people, pay attention not to excessive exercise, otherwise it is easier to feel sleepy.
Disease prevention: “Old problems” are prone to recurrence of excessive arthritis patients, because after the fall of the autumn, they do not pay attention to keep warm, and often blow air conditioners and blow fans, resulting in recurrence of old diseases.
In addition, “old problems” such as frozen shoulder, cervical spondylosis, and gout, are also highly likely to repeat at this stage.
銆€銆€Old problems are easy to relapse in addition to chronic chronic diseases, such as autumn diarrhea, gastritis and enteritis, etc., in this season, a little careless, it is easy to happen, and long-term cure.
In addition, the elderly are also prone to colds and fever in this changing season.
Therefore, experts reminded that after the beginning of the autumn, the temperature difference in the morning and evening will penetrate, and the elderly should pay special attention to health and disease prevention after entering the autumn.
In addition, pneumonia, high blood pressure and other respiratory diseases are also easy to attack when the seasons alternate. Older people with weaker resistance should not only pay attention to changes in temperature difference, but also add more clothes in peacetime.
銆€銆€The summer and autumn changes are also the high incidence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, stroke and other diseases.
Middle-aged and elderly people should not let themselves suffer from “cold stimulation”, such as not eating too much cold drinks, not bathing with cold water and washing their feet; many people like to sleep in the air in summer, but sleep after the fall, especially to avoid coldInvasion, keep warm when sleeping at night.The elderly should get up slowly and do “three and a half minutes”: sit on a lazy bed for half a minute before getting up, sit on the bed for half a minute, get out of bed for half a minute, then wash your face, brush your teeth, drink plenty of water.
Traveling: After the autumn, you should go to the “six-proof” for the elderly to pay attention to the first one to prevent accidents.
When the elderly travel, the action is prudent, take the car, take the boat, climb the mountain, and take care of each other; at the same time, carefully arrange the journey to minimize fatigue.
銆€銆€The second is hypoallergenic.
Older people with allergies should try to avoid having flowers or taking oral hypoallergenic drugs.
銆€銆€The third is to prevent motion sickness.
Those who are often faint, can carry the relevant drugs with them and take them half an hour before the trip.
銆€銆€The fourth is to prevent falls.
When the elderly go out, it is best to bring a cane to prevent falls; once they fall, don’t rush to raise them. You should find out the reasons and then deal with them; if you fall on the uneven ground, it may be related to the road, pay attention to whether it is broken;Falling in the toilet may be caused by fainting or cerebrovascular accident caused by defecation; if it is pale and the pulse is unclear, it should be sent to a nearby hospital for treatment after simple treatment.
銆€銆€The fifth is to prevent ulcers.
Pay attention to food hygiene when eating out, don’t eat raw, cold, unclean things.
銆€銆€Sixth, it is against colds, and the weather in the autumn is fickle. When you go out, you should wear your feet and carry rain gear. Don’t sit on the ground nearby. Don’t stand in the wind and avoid cold. Wash your feet with hot water before going to bed.Ministry to promote blood circulation in the foot.